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BIO 101 1V BIOTECH, BIOETHICS AND YOU (3.00 credits)
This course explores the science behind "new" biological advances, their potential, and their limitations. It challenges students to explore and to critically reflect upon their personal values, beliefs, spiritualties and worldviews in the context of decision making. It utilizes an inquiry-based approach to investigate modern biological advances, relevant human issues, and the importance of informed analysis in decision making.  (F) Prerequisites: This course is for first semester freshmen or freshmen transfer students.
BIO 102 1E FOOD: YOU ARE WHAT YOU EAT (3.00 credits)
You really are what you eat. In this course students will explore their relationship with food, from the way our bodies utilize what we eat and the health implications of food choices, to the far-reaching effects that food production has on the environment and socioeconomic systems around the world. Students will consider how food provisioning has changed throughout human history, how modern agriculture has changed the way we feed ourselves, and what this has meant for the well-being of humans and ecological systems. This course is meant to be a personal exploration of how food shapes each of our lives and our communities. Cross-listed with ENVS 102 (F) Prerequisites: This course is for first semester freshmen or freshmen transfer students.
BIO 151 ESU GENERAL BIOLOGY: CELL BIOLOGY & ECO (4.00 credits)
The first of a two-semester sequence exploring basic biological concepts organized around the unifying theme of energy flow. Concepts include the nature of science, ecology, cellular biology, levels of organization, and energy capture and transfer within cells and communities. Current world challenges, events, and issues associated with the biological topics addressed will be discussed. Lecture, discussion and laboratory. (F/S) Prerequisites: placement into ENG 110; placement into MATH 101, Math 114A or higher is required; completion of or concurrent enrollment in MATH 101, Math 114A, or equivalent is recommended; students cannot receive credit for both BIO 151 and BIO 155 or for both BIO 151 and BIO 181.
BIO 152 S GENERAL BIOLOGY GENETICS & EVOL (4.00 credits)
The second of a two-semester sequence exploring the related biological concepts of inheritance and evolutionary change over time. Concepts include transmission genetics, molecular genetics, evolution, and the diversity of life on Earth. Lecture, discussion and laboratory, all of which include current topics of interest to both biology majors and non-majors. (F/S) Prerequisites: successful completion (CD or higher) of Bio 151 or BIO 181; successful completion of an initial math cornerstone course (M tag) or placement into Math 114B, Math 231, or higher; students cannot receive credit for both BIO 152 and BIO 155 or for both BIO 152 and BIO 182.
BIO 155 SU HUMAN CELL BIOLOGY & GENETICS (4.00 credits)
This is a one-semester exploration of the biological chemistry of the human cell organized around the unifying theme of the relationship of chemistry of biomolecules to the functional biology of a cell. Topics include the nature of science, biochemistry of water, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids, cellular structures, energy transformations in the cell, mitosis, meiosis, relationship between genotype and phenotype, transmission genetics and cancer. The material is covered in a combination of lecture, discussion and laboratory. A semester long project in the laboratory will be used to allow students to engage in scientific inquiry. This course is the second semester of the chemistry-biology sequence for Nursing majors. Prerequisites: placement into ENG 110; completion of CHEM 110 or CHEM 120; placement into MATH 101, Math 114A or higher is required; completion of or concurrent enrollment in MATH 101, Math 114A, or equivalent is recommended; students cannot receive credit for both BIO 155 and any of the following: BIO 151, BIO 152, BIO 181, or BIO 182.
BIO 181 ESU HNR GEN BIOLOGY: CELL BIO & ECOLOGY (4.00 credits)
Honors General Biology: Cell Biology & Ecology is the first semester of a two-semester biology sequence. It explores basic biological concepts of cell biology, energy capture and transfer, and ecology. Completion of this course will enable students to better understand how science works. The course is grounded in the philosophy and process of scientific inquiry and highlights historical events that have shaped past and current biological thought and practice. The biological problems and issues that challenge us today will be discussed. In that context, the course will examine: stem cell research, climate change, human population growth, and the basic principles of sustainability. The course includes: lectures, discussions, field trips, and laboratory experiences (F) Prerequisites: placement into ENG 110; placement into MATH 101, Math 114A or higher is required; completion of MATH 101, Math 114A, or equivalent is recommended; students cannot receive credit for both BIO 181 and BIO 151 or for both BIO 155 and BIO 181.
BIO 182 S HNR: INFO FLOW IN LIVING SYSTEMS (4.00 credits)
Honors Biology: Information Flow in Living Systems is the second semester in the honors biology sequence. It explores the development, concepts, and application of our current understanding of genetics and evolution. Following completion of this course, students will better understand how science works, how DNA enables inheritance and controls the activities of cells and organisms, how species change over time, and how biology as a discipline plays a significant role in our lives. The course includes: lectures, discussions, and laboratory experiences that are tightly linked as well as discussion of relevant current biological events and exploration of the history of biological thought. (S) Prerequisites: successful completion (CD or higher) of BIO 181 or BIO 151; successful completion of an initial math cornerstone course (M tag), or placement into Math 114B, Math 231, or higher; students cannot receive credit for both BIO 182 and BIO 152 or for both BIO 155 and BIO 182.
BIO 201 V BIOTECHNOLOGY (2.00 credits)
This course will address the conceptual basis of molecular biology, tools and techniques of modern biotechnology, the application of biotechnology to medicine, agriculture and the environment, and the ethical, legal and social issues associated with these applications. Biological principles that play an important role in biotechnology will be covered, including basics of molecular biology and genetic manipulation, gene expression, structure/function relationships of biomolecules, and relationships between molecular and organismal biology. Health care and agribusiness applications will be reviewed and relevant case studies will be examined. The philosophy of science and how the scientific community interacts and communicates with industry and the general public will a recurring theme through the semester.
BIO 202 MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY (2.00 credits)
This course will cover basic medical terminology associated with body systems and disease in preparation for fields in the health sciences. Emphasis will be placed on root words, prefixes, and suffixes, as well as developing an ability to analyze unknown words. The course will be facilitated online and will focus on building a functional medical vocabulary, including correct written and spoken use of terminology. Prerequisite: none. (S)
BIO 203 MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY (1.00 credits)
Molecular Biology meets concurrently with BIO 201, twice a week. Additional class time and coursework addressing molecular concepts and techniques used in biotechnology, including genetic engineering, recombinant gene expression, genetic and other laboratory testing, and DNA nanotechnology is included in this course. Students must enroll in BIO 201 concurrently with BIO 203. Prerequisites: Successful completion (CD or higher) of BIO 151/152 or BIO 181/182 or permission of the instructor. (S)
BIO 204 FIELD BIOLOGY (2.00 credits)
Students will apply a variety of basic field methods and techniques to observe, quantify, and evaluate local biodiversity and ecosystems. The course will focus on the identification, life history, and ecology of flora and fauna in both terrestrial and aquatic systems. (F/SS)
BIO 206 EV NATURAL COMMUNITIES OF WISCONSIN (3.00 credits)
An exploration of Wisconsin's wetlands, lakes and streams, prairies, savannas, and forests. In field trips and labs, we practice identifying local plants and animals, see some of the science behind our understanding of these biological communities, and support collaborative efforts to preserve our natural heritage. Cross-listed with ENVS 206. (F/SS) Prerequisites: None.
BIO 207 FUNDAMENTALS OF GENETICS (1.00 credits)
This is a problem-based course that focuses on the basic concepts of molecular, transmission, and population genetics. Probability and statistics that apply to genetics will be introduced. Prerequisites: BIO 151/152
BIO 208 NUTRITION (2.00 credits)
Nutrients and their relationship to normal body function. Course Objective: To become knowledgeable consumers of nutrition information by being aware of the rapidly changing nature of nutritional science, and how you can responsibly evaluate and apply such information to your life. To be achieved by planning a nutritious diet, using the acquired basic understanding of good nutrition; discussing the major nutrition issues regarding the U.S. diet; listing the necessary changes in his/her diet to provide optimal nutrition; describing how nutrients are used in the body. Prerequisites: None.
BIO 210 ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY I (4.00 credits)
This course is the study of structure and function of the cells, tissues, skin, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems of the human body.  The class has three lectures and one two-hour lab per week.  The blended online section completes the same lecture material through online coursework, and meets weekly for one, three-hour session consisting of the lab and a one-hour discussion. Prerequisites: BIO 155 or BIO 151-152 or BIO 181-182.
BIO 211 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY II (4.00 credits)
This course is the study of structure and function of the endocrine, digestive, respiratory, cardiovascular, lymphatic, urinary, and reproductive systems of the human body. The class has three lectures and one two-hour lab per week.  The blended online section completes the same lecture material through online coursework, and meets weekly for one, three-hour session consisting of the lab and a one-hour discussion. Prerequisites: Successful completion (CD or higher) of BIO 210; or consent of instructor.
BIO 220 V INTRO HUMAN BIOMECHANICS (3.00 credits)
Biomechanics is a field which uses mechanical analyses to investigate biological problems. Biomechanics involves combining what we know about the anatomy and physiology of the body, and physics to investigate problems. It is an increasingly popular field of study, as it has applications in health, prosthetic design, ergonomics, athletics, and computer gaming. Students who complete this course will study the methods that are currently used in investigating human biomechanical problems. Topics covered will include: mechanical and structural properties of living tissues, loads applied to joints, common sports injuries and treatments, linear and angular kinematics, linear and angular kinetics, equilibrium and torque. Course cross-listed with PHYS 220. Prerequisites: MATH 111 or 112 or equivalent.
BIO 250 EV INTRO TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE (3.00 credits)
Humans are intimately connected to the natural world. We not only depend on the environment for our existence and well-being, we are part of the environment and our actions can affect it profoundly. This course explores the connections between humans and our environment by exploring basic ecological principals and applying them to many of the major environmental issues currently faced by humanity. Cross-listed with ENVS 250 (F/S) Prerequisites: None.
BIO 251 IX INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY RESEARCH I (3.00 credits)
An introduction to the scientific process that provides a framework for independent undergraduate research. In this course, we discuss strategies for reading and writing in the sciences, consider scientific ethics, and practice experimental design and biostatistics. Students also plan for future undergraduate research. Bio 251 is a general education course - we use a semester writing project to synthesize course material, and also emphasize the use of information technology in the sciences. (F/S). Prerequisites: BIO 152 or BIO 182 or concurrent enrollment; ENG 110 or W cornerstone.
BIO 252 INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY RESEARCH II (1.00 - 2.00 credits)
This course provides a framework for collaborative undergraduate research. Students will work with other students and a department mentor to advance scientific knowledge with original field / laboratory research or literature reviews. The course includes both individual work and group discussions of the biological literature, experimental methods, and writing / speaking about research. (F/W/S/SS). Prerequisites: successful completion (CD or higher) of BIO 251; Consent of instructor.
BIO 275 E DENDROLOGY: TREES & SHRUBS OF WISC (2.00 credits)
A field course in the identification of trees, shrubs, and woody vines native to Wisconsin and the Great Lakes region as well as some of the common non-native horticultural and invasive species. Emphasis is on observation of plant characteristics permitting easy identification and discussion of the natural history, ecology, distribution, and human uses of each species. The course will also introduce students to basic forest ecology, management, and conservation principles, with emphasis on sustainable use of forests in the Great Lakes region and worldwide. Cross-listed with ENVS 275 E.
BIO 292 BIOLOGY EXCURSIONS (1.00 - 3.00 credits)
Science learning experiences occur in the classroom, in the laboratory, and in the field. In this experience-based course, students discover and experience facts, concepts, and laws of science for themselves, much as scientists do in their professional lives. Experiences that extend from the classroom into the field allow students to explore, observe, and investigate things in the natural world that cannot be effectively brought into the classroom learning environment. Travel is an essential part of the class and locations will be chosen for their scientific and/or environmental significance. Classroom sessions will precede the travel portion of the course. Specific Prerequisites of the course will vary with semester and travel destinations. Cross-listed with NATS 292 and GEOS 292 (S) Prerequisites: Specific Prerequisites of the course will vary based on the requirements of the specific travel experience.
BIO 312 S MICROBIOLOGY (4.00 credits)
This course focuses on the study of biological entities collectively known as ‘Microbes’, which include bacteria, viruses, protozoans, and fungi. Diversity and community interactions of microbes, both pathogens and non-pathogens, will be examined. The structure, biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology, pathogenicity, and control of microbes will be investigated. The course is a combination of lecture and laboratory sessions. (F/S) Prerequisites: successful completion (CD or higher) of CHEM 111 or CHEM 121 or BIO 155 or BIO152 or BIO182 or the consent of the instructor.
BIO 333 E ECOLOGICAL HISTORY OF CIVILIZATION (3.00 credits)
A global examination of the evolutionary and biological foundations underlying the multi-ethnic societies and diverse cultures observed in the modern world. Beginning with human evolution, this course will follow the sweep of human history through the origins of agriculture and the rise and fall of civilizations to the modern industrial condition. Focusing on biological and ecological processes and the human decisions that have led to the present, this course also explores the challenges faced by a growing and increasingly globalized human population as we move toward the future. Cross-listed with ENVS 333. (F) Prerequisites: BIO 151 or BIO 181 or consent of instructor.
BIO 351 ORGANISMAL BOTANY (4.00 credits)
Explores advanced topics in botany, including surveys of the major plant groups, plant anatomy and physiology, plant ecology, and human uses of plants; also includes an introduction to fungi. The instructional activities designed for this course enable students to engage in the scientific process. Laboratory investigations, small group discussions, and writing assignments play a central role in instruction. Lecture topics are tightly linked to laboratory experiences. Prerequisites: successful completion (CD or higher) of BIO 151 and 152 or BIO 181 and 182.
BIO 352 ORGANISMAL ZOOLOGY (4.00 credits)
This course is a broad survey of the study of animals. Organismal Zoology includes a survey of the major animal phyla, exploration of animal development, and investigation of selected topics in animal physiology and behavior. As an integrated lecture and laboratory course, students apply what they learn about the general principles of zoology to scientific investigations. Lectures, laboratory work, small group discussions, and writing assignments are tightly connected in this course intended for students who are majoring or minoring in biology. Prerequisites: successful completion (CD or higher) of BIO 151-152, BIO 181-182, or equivalent.
BIO 369A 2EG SPECIAL TOPICS: GALAPAGOS (4.00 credits)
This course will explore the flora, fauna, and people of Ecuador. Particular attention will be given to the Galapagos Islands. The principles of ecology, sustainability, and the challenges of maintaining a living laboratory within the confines of a national park will be the context for the discussion of social, biological, and political issues. The course will challenge students to explore and to critically reflect upon their personal values, beliefs, spiritualties and worldviews in the context of decision making. Students will critically examine the global issue of human impact on biological communities. The course includes two weeks of travel to Ecuador. Prerequisites: COR 1 or equivalent; open to students in their second or third year, or sophomore and above transfers and consent of the instructor. Students must be able to swim a minimum of two laps at the EW High School pool.
BIO 369B GENETIC MANIPULATION AND GENOMICS (4.00 credits)
A laboratory and discussion based course delving into the world of molecular biology and the use of information technology as applied to the fields of basic science research and medicine. This course is designed to provide in-depth hands-on experience into the manipulation of both eukaryotic and prokaryotic DNA and will provide an introduction to bioinformatics and its relevance to our ever-evolving world. Prerequisites: BIO 312, 401, or 402.
BIO 401 GENETICS (3.00 credits)
Genetics is the study of heredity. The gene, the basic functional unit of heredity, is the focal point of this course. The course includes the fundamentals of gene structure and function, gene expression and control, classical genetics including both eukaryotes and prokaryotes, and concludes with the genetic analysis of populations. The primary course goal is to enhance and to develop students understanding and application of core genetic principles through problem-solving. Prerequisites: successful completion (CD or higher) of BIO 152 or BIO 182 or BIO 155; and completion of MATH 111 or MATH 114A; and completion of CHEM 110 or CHEM 120; or consent of instructor.
BIO 402 CELL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY (4.00 credits)
Cell and Molecular Biology studies how life works at the molecular level. The course utilizes a comparative approach to the study of cell biology. Topics include molecular mechanisms of cellular regulation, the life cycle of a cell, and the dynamic role of protein structures in cellular function. Lab explores these topics in model organisms including bacteria, yeast and algae. The history of cell biology research is explored through the discussion of landmark discoveries and their influence on modern molecular biology. Students are expected to become proficient with light microscopy, and complement cellular observation with molecular techniques such as PCR and gel electrophoresis. An introduction to bioinformatics explores the relationship between protein structure and function. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisites: successful completion (CD or higher) of BIO 151 and 152 or BIO 181 and 182; completion of one year of college chemistry.
BIO 406 MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY (4.00 credits)
Although the vast majority of microbes are non-pathogenic, many are capable of causing disease in other organisms including humans. This course emphasizes 1) host-microbe interactions between bacterial or viral pathogens and the human host; and 2) the molecular and genetic contributions of both host and microbe in establishment of infection. Topics that will be covered include microbial pathogenesis, microbial genetics, host susceptibility, and mechanisms of antimicrobial control, both immunological and chemical. The course is a combination of lecture, laboratory, and journal club discussions. (S, odd years) Prerequisite: successful completion (CD or higher) of BIO 312 or consent of instructor; BIO 401 recommended.
BIO 408 IMMUNOLOGY (3.00 credits)
This course is an examination of general properties and principles of immune responses and serves as an introduction to molecular and cellular immunology. Topics covered include antigen and antibody structure and function, effector mechanisms, complement, major histocompatibility complexes, B- and T-cell receptors, antibody formation and immunity, and regulation of the immune response. Special topics include immunosuppression, immunodeficiency, transplantation, immunotherapy, and autoimmunity. (S, even years) Prerequisite: successful completion (CD or higher) of BIO 312 or consent of instructor.
BIO 410 K PATHOLOGY (3.00 credits)
Pathology - K offers students an opportunity to understanding human disease and communicate their knowledge of pathology through oral presentations of a pathological condition. Pathology - K provides students with a basic understanding of the causes, physiological mechanisms, and clinical manifestations of human disease states. The clinical signs and symptoms along with the therapeutic consideration of human diseases will be addressed. (F/S) Prerequisites: successful completion (CD or higher) of BIO 210 and BIO 211; completion or concurrent enrollment in an O-tag course; or consent of instructor
BIO 412 PATHOPHYSIOLOGY (3.00 credits)
Pathophysiology offers students a basic understanding of the causes, physiological mechanisms, and clinical manifestations of human disease states. The clinical signs and symptoms along with the therapeutic considerations of human diseases will be addressed. (F/S) Prerequisites: successful completion (CD or higher) of BIO 210 and BIO 211.
BIO 415 EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY (4.00 credits)
Exercise physiology is the science of how the body responds and adapts to exercise. Topics include a study of exercise physiology and metabolism theory, application to fitness, and the development of training regimes. (S, odd years) Prerequisites: successful completion (CD or higher) of BIO 211; completion of CHEM 111 or CHEM 121.
BIO 425 ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY (3.00 credits)
The study of animal function, focusing on the mechanisms that allow different kinds of animals to survive and thrive within their home environments. This course is intended for the broad spectrum of life-science majors who are interested in how animals work, how they interact with the world outside of their bodies, and how extraordinary adaptations have enabled some species to thrive in difficult environments. (S, even years) Prerequisites: successful completion (CD or higher) of BIO 151-152, BIO 181-182, or equivalent; successful completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 352 is recommended.
BIO 430 S ANIMAL BEHAVIOR (4.00 credits)
The study of animal behavior from an evolutionary perspective. Lectures, labs, and discussions use both theory and experiment to understand how and why animals (including humans) do what they do. Topics include animal communication, mating behavior, parental care, foraging, habitat selection, and social behavior. (S, odd years) Prerequisites: BIO 152, 182, or consent of the instructor.
BIO 445 V BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY (4.00 credits)
This course examines the relationship between the functions of the central nervous system and behavior. Topics include basic structure and function of brain cells, and the physiological mechanisms of sensory perception, motor coordination, sleep, memory, language, aggression, anxiety, schizophrenia, and depression. Cross-listed with PSY 445. (F/S) Prerequisite: BIO 151 or BIO 155 or BIO 181, Junior or Senior status
BIO 450 E ECOLOGY (4.00 credits)
No species exists in isolation; life on Earth depends on interconnections between organisms and their environment. This course explores this interdependence by considering ecological principles as they pertain to individual organisms, populations, communities, ecosystems, and the biosphere. Special attention is given to the role of humans in global ecological systems. Many topics are explored through field-based research in local natural communities. Lecture, discussion, and laboratory. Prerequisites: BIO 151 or BIO 181.
BIO 469 SPECIAL TOPICS IN BIOLOGY (1.00 - 3.00 credits)
This course is an advanced study of topics of special current interest in biology and related fields. Seminar/discussion or lecture format. Prerequisites: consent of instructor.
BIO 479 INDEPENDENT STUDY - BIOLOGY (1.00 - 4.00 credits)
The study of selected topics in biology under the direction of a faculty member in the department. (F/S) Prerequisites: consent of instructor.
BIO 480 3K BIOLOGY SEMINAR (2.00 credits)
Edgewood’s Biology major emphasizes the contributions of broadly-educated biologists to a just and compassionate world. As such, the scientific community engages a variety of different people in a collaborative effort to advance discovery and its ethical application. Biology Seminar is a forum in which our advanced students use a scientific talk on undergraduate research to display their expertise in biology, demonstrate their understanding of the scientific process and its application, and articulate a personal philosophy regarding their role in the scientific community. The course models the value of scientific communication. All members of the course also take an active role in the discourse that is a critical part of the scientific community through evaluation and discussion of the work of peers. Prerequisites: COR 2, BIO 251, O tag, Junior status, or consent of the instructor.
BIO 489 FIELD/LABORATORY RESEARCH (1.00 - 3.00 credits)
This course offers students an opportunity to engage in independent biology research under the direction of a department mentor. This course is intended for students who have a clear plan for research, or who are continuing research from a prior Bio 252 experience. Prior to enrollment, students should prepare a proposal that justifies the research question they would like to investigate as well as the hypothesis to be tested. (F,W,S,SS). Prerequisites: Successful completion of BIO 251; Consent of instructor.
BIO 499 BIOLOGY ASSESSMENT (0.00 credits)
Students registered for the course must complete the Educational Testing Exam during finals week, which is the only time this class meets during the semester. This course will assess biology knowledge for students studying Medical Science, Cytotechnology, and Biology Teaching. Prerequisite: none (F,S)

NATS 101 1EV ALL ABOUT WATER (3.00 credits)
All About Water explores water. Water is everywhere: in our bodies, in our food, in our atmosphere and underfoot. We can’t live without it! And because we can’t live without it, we fight about it, we write legislation regarding it, we try to steal it from each other, and we have turned it into big business. Unfortunately, we have also polluted it and wasted it with little regard to its value to us as individuals and the biosphere as a whole. This course will challenge students to explore and to critically reflect upon their personal values, beliefs, and worldviews in the context of decision making. It utilizes an inquiry-based approach to investigate how we use and abuse water, the importance of informed decision making, and our personal responsibly to our world. Cross-listed with GEOS 101. (F) Prerequisites: This course is for first semester freshmen or freshmen transfer students.
NATS 103 1Q HEALTH CARE AS A PUBLIC GOOD 4 ALL (3.00 credits)
This course examines the significance of health as both a public good and a biopsychosociocultural phenomenon in the twenty-first century. We will use literary journalism, documentary films, philosophical and social science scholarship, health professional testimonies, community clinic field trips, and autobiographical writing to explore the gendered and additional sociocultural aspects of medicine as well as the ethical and justice implications of a universal health care system. We will explore how race, ethnicity, poverty, gender, and sexuality have influenced the development and delivery of health care services as well as access to those services. Ultimately, students will critically investigate their own positon on the Hippocratic Oath's demand to "never do harm to anyone" and consider what health care policies best support that position. Prerequisite: first-year student status. (F)
NATS 104 S INTRO TO NAT SCIENCE FOR ELEM ED I (4.00 credits)
This course is for Elementary Education majors only. The first of a two-semester sequence in the natural sciences which integrates basic principles in the physical and biological sciences. The course sequence focuses on a scientific view of the evolution of the physical universe from its origin to the development of living systems. The course sequence includes concepts in physical, earth, biological, and environmental sciences. The sequence is designed for students majoring in Elementary Education, and does not serve as a prerequisite for other courses in chemistry, biology, or geoscience, except by special permission of the instructors. The course focuses on three major elements of science as a discipline: 1) the nature and scope of science (science as a "way of knowing"; what science is and how it works; what makes science different from other disciplines), 2) the relationship between science and society (science and technology; the usefulness and limitations of science in society), and 3) the practice of science (hypothesis-testing and theory formation; experimental design; data collection and analysis). All three of these elements are approached using specific science content from different sciences, including biology, ecology, environmental science, chemistry, physics, earth science, and astronomy. (S) Prerequisites: placement into ENG 110; completion of MATH 102; supplementary work in science problem-solving is required if proficiency is not demonstrated; concurrent registration in ED 427A.
NATS 105 ES INTRO TO NAT SCIENCE FOR ELEM ED II (4.00 credits)
This course is for Elementary Education majors only. The second semester of a two-semester sequence in the natural sciences which integrates basic principles in the physical and biological sciences. The course sequence focuses on a scientific view of the evolution of the physical universe from its origin to the development of living systems. The course sequence includes concepts in physical, earth, biological, and environmental sciences. This course is designed for students majoring in Elementary Education, and does not serve as a prerequisite for other courses in chemistry, biology, or geoscience, except by special permission of the instructors. (ES) Prerequisites: placement into ENG 110; completion of MATH 102; supplementary work in science problem-solving is required if proficiency is not demonstrated; completion of NATS 104; concurrent enrollment in ED 427B.
NATS 108 ES REAL WORLD SCIENCE (4.00 credits)
This is a course intended for non-science majors that want to explore the science behind real world issues and concerns. Topics covered include human energy use, transportation, radioactivity, space exploration, and natural disasters. The course is integrated and interdisciplinary, and includes basic principles of the physical and biological sciences. Concepts from astronomy, biology, chemistry, cosmology, geology, and physics are used throughout the course. Prerequisites: ENG 110 placement.
NATS 109 ES MORE REAL WORLD SCIENCE (4.00 credits)
This is a course intended for non-science majors that want to explore the science behind real world issues and concerns. Topics covered include global climate change, evolution, water resources, food & agriculture, and infectious disease. The course is integrated and interdisciplinary, and includes basic principles of the physical and biological sciences. Concepts from astronomy, biology, chemistry, cosmology, geology, and physics are used throughout the course. Prerequisites: NATS 108 or consent of instructor.
NATS 250 PV HISTORY & PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE (3.00 credits)
This course provides an introduction to the nature of scientific knowledge, the process and products of scientific inquiry, and the philosophical implications of science and its development. Introduces students to philosophical ways of thinking and arguing within the natural sciences and seeks to develop an appreciation of the scientific enterprise. In addition, the course addresses the history of science through the study of notable scientific revolutions, the motivations of scientists, and the exploration of the natural world as a human activity. Prerequisites: PHIL 101; or consent of instructor.
NATS 260 V SURVEY OF ASTRONOMY (4.00 credits)
Modern exploration of the physical universe. Topics include the sky and celestial motions, our solar system, nebulae, galaxies, and cosmology with emphasis on origin and evolution. Pre requisites: MATH 114A. Cross-listed with PHY 250 V
NATS 292 BIOLOGY EXCURSIONS (1.00 - 3.00 credits)
Science learning experiences occur in the classroom, in the laboratory, and in the field. In this experience-based course, students discover and experience facts, concepts, and laws of science for themselves, much as scientists do in their professional lives. Experiences that extend from the classroom into the field allow students to explore, observe, and investigate things in the natural world that cannot be effectively brought into the classroom learning environment. Travel is an essential part of the class and locations will be chosen for their scientific and/or environmental significance. Classroom sessions will precede the travel portion of the course. Cross-listed with BIO 292 and GEOS 292. (S) Prerequisites: Vary from semester to semester and travel destination.
NATS 294 2V SCIENCE IN ACTION (3.00 credits)
This course is for students who are interested in how science can be communicated to the community at large. Students will examine the roles of the scientists and science educators in society. Topics for discussion will include: ethical and controversial issues in science, the various ways scientific knowledge is conveyed to the public, and how the general public uses science in their lives. Through intensive community engagement, students will develop a sense of the role scientists and science educators play in the community at large. NOTE: Some class meetings or community outreach may occur on nights and weekends. Prerequisites: COR 1 or equivalent; open to second or third year students or sophomore and above transfers; ENG 110 placement and college level mathematics. (S)
NATS 440 FOUNDATIONS OF SCIENCE EDUCATION (3.00 credits)
This course examines the history and philosophy of science education and looks at science teaching from a research-based perspective. Course study includes constructivist learning theory, model-based inquiry, literature on student misconceptions, and examining the theoretical framework behind the new science standards. Students work to create a vision of the desired state of science education in middle and secondary classrooms. Instruction includes tools for realizing that vision through explorations in learning theory and various teaching models, including the use of technology in instruction. Prerequisite: Admission to the Education program. (SS)
NATS 459 TEACHING SCIENCE IN MIDDLE/SECONDRY (4.00 credits)
This course is the study of the theory and practice for teaching science in the middle and secondary schools. It provides tools a beginning science teacher will need to effectively design, organize, and teach science at the secondary level. Practicum required. Prerequisite: full admission into teacher education program; or consent of instructor. (F)